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German Adverbs Overview

Adverbs are used to tell us something about a verb, adjective, or another adverb.

Adverbs can describe aspects of time, frequency, location, causation, manner, and more.

Adverbial conjunctions connect clauses or sentences and signal additional information, explanation, or contrast.

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Components:

Adverbs of Manner

These adverbs tell us how, in which manner, or to what degree an activity is done.

Examples:
Ich esse gern Eis. 鈥 I gladly eat ice cream.
Das Kind redet schnell. 鈥 The child speaks quickly.

Adverbial Conjunctions

These adverbs conjoin sentences or clauses by providing extra information, explaining, or by contrasting.

Examples:
Die Konzerttickets waren leider schon ausverkauft. Wollen wir uns dennoch treffen?
Lisa geht nicht 眉ber die Stra脽e. Stattdessen bleibt sie einfach stehen.

What is an Adverb?

Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs (The child sings loudly). Compare that with adjectives, which tell us something about a noun. (The loud child is singing).

In English, most adverbs end with -ly, but there are exceptions (The child runs fast.)

In German, there are a few descriptive words that function only as adverbs, with no adjectival equivalent.

But most descriptive words can be used as either adverbs or adjectives. In such instances, the 鈥榬oot鈥 form of the word is the same (schnell = fast), but the adverb will remain in this 鈥榬oot鈥 form while the adjective may be declined.

Das Kind l盲uft schnell die Stra脽e entlang.
Das schnelle Kind l盲uft die Stra脽e entlang.

Adverbs of Manner

Many adverbs that tell us how, in which manner, or to what degree an activity is done are descriptive adverbs that can also be declined and used as adjectives.

fr枚hlich 鈥 happily / happy
langsam 鈥 slow/ly
erstaunlich 鈥 astonishing/ly

However, some adverbs of manner, such as kaum and gern, have no adjective equivalents.

Some descriptive adverbs that convey attitude or reaction are formed by adding -erweise onto descriptive adjectives:

dummerweise 鈥 foolishly
m枚glicherweise 鈥 possibly
眉berraschenderweise 鈥 surprisingly

Similarly, we can add just -weise unto some nouns to form adverbs of manner:

fallweise 鈥 case by case
st眉ckweise 鈥 piece by piece
teilweise 鈥 partially

Adverbs of Time

Adverbs of time tell us when or how often an activity occurs, when an activity begins, the conclusion of an activity, or establishes sequences between narratives.

bald 鈥 soon
immer 鈥 always
oft 鈥 often

auf einmal 鈥 suddenly
danach 鈥 after that
mittlerweile 鈥 meanwhile

endlich 鈥 finally
seitdem 鈥 since then
zuletzt 鈥 last

damals 鈥 back then
einmal 鈥 one time
neulich 鈥 recently

Adverbs of Place

Adverbs of place tell us where, or to or from where.

da 鈥 there
irgendwo 鈥 somewhere
oben / unten 鈥 above/below
links/rechts 鈥 left / right

Many times these adverbs can be combined with hin- and her- to indicate direction to or from.

Similarly, some adverbs of place are paired with the prepositions nach and von:

nach links / rechts 鈥 to the left/right
von linke / rechts 鈥 from the left/right
nach oben 鈥 upward
nach unten 鈥 downward

Adverbial Conjunctions

Adverbs that connect sentences or clauses don鈥檛 affect word order. Here are some examples:

daher / deswegen / deshalb 鈥 therefore, thus
dennoch 鈥 nevertheless
stattdessen 鈥 instead

Adverbs Articles:
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